Turkey is 814.578 sq km in area.
The major cities are Istanbul, Ankara(the capital), Izmir, Adana, Antalya and Bursa.
The European and Asian regionsare sapareted by the Istanbul Bogazi (Bosphorus), the sea of Marmara and the Canakkale Bogazi (Dardanelles).
Anatolia is a high plateau rising progressively towards the east, broken up
by the valleys of about 15 rivers, including Dicle (Tigris) and Firat (Euohrates).
There are numerous lakes and some, such as Lake Van, are as large as inland seas; In the north,the mountains allong the easten Black Sea cost run parallel to the sea ; in the south, The Taurus Montains sweep down almost to the narrow, fertile costal plain.
Turkey enjoys a variety of climates ranging from the temperete climate of Black Sea region, by the continental climate of the interior, then, to the Mediterranean climate of Aegean and Mediterranean coastal regions.
The Republic of Turkey is based on a secular, democratic, pluralistic and parliametary system, where human rights are protected by law and social justice.
Turkey also has a very fascinating recent history. Upon the decline of the Ottoman Empire, a young man named Mustafa Kemal, who was soldier and a visionary, took the defeat of World War I and turned it into a shinning victory by liberating Türkiye from all occupying forces. Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK founded the Republic of Türkiye on October 29,1923. He led his contry towards peace and of change and growth, Turkey still boasts growning success, living by Atatürk's motto of ''Peace at Home, Peace in the World''.
The Turkish language belongs to the Ural-Altaic group and has an affinity with the FinnoHungarian languages. Turkish is written in the latin alphabet and is spoken by least 150 million people around the world.Although Türkiye is 99 % Muslim, it is a secular state that guarantees freedom of worship to non-Muslims.